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  • Writer's pictureJeremy Wright

Fertile Ground: Mushroom Species That Thrive on Manure Substrates


Manure-loving mushrooms, also known as coprophilous mushrooms, have a unique affinity for growing on nutrient-rich substrates like compost and animal manure. These mushrooms play a crucial role in breaking down organic matter and recycling nutrients, contributing to the health of ecosystems. In this blog post, we'll explore some fascinating mushroom species that thrive on manure substrates, their characteristics, and the benefits of cultivating them.

Mushroom Species that Love Manure:

1. White Button Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus):

  • The most common cultivated mushroom.

  • Thrives on a mixture of composted manure and other organic materials.

  • Known for its mild flavor and versatility in cooking.

2. Cremini Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus):

  • A variation of the white button mushroom.

  • Offers a slightly deeper flavor and firmer texture when cooked.

3. Portobello Mushroom (Agaricus bisporus):

  • A mature form of the Cremini mushroom.

  • Boasts a meaty texture and robust flavor when cooked.

  • Often used as a burger patty alternative.

4. Enoki Mushroom (Flammulina velutipes):

  • Recognizable by its long, thin stems and delicate caps.

  • Grows well on composted materials, including manure.

  • Popular in Asian cuisine for its crisp texture and mild taste.

5. Horse Mushroom (Agaricus arvensis):

  • Often found in grassy areas, including pastures with animal dung.

  • Features a cap that can span up to 20 cm in diameter.

  • Offers a nutty flavor and firm texture when cooked.

6. Psilocybe Cubensis (Magic Mushroom):

  • Contains psychoactive compounds.

  • Often found growing naturally on cow dung.

  • Cultivation requires careful consideration of legal and ethical aspects.

Benefits of Manure-Loving Mushrooms:

  1. Nutrient Recycling: These mushrooms play a vital role in breaking down organic matter and returning nutrients to the soil, promoting healthy ecosystems.

  2. Fast Growth: Manure substrates provide rich nutrients, resulting in quicker mycelial growth and fruiting compared to wood-based substrates.

  3. Culinary Value: Manure-loving mushrooms offer a range of flavors and textures, making them popular choices in culinary creations.

Cultivation Tips:

  1. Quality Substrate: Ensure the compost or manure substrate is properly composted and free of contaminants.

  2. Hygiene: Maintain strict hygiene and cleanliness during substrate preparation and mushroom cultivation to prevent contamination.

  3. Temperature and Humidity: Monitor and maintain appropriate temperature and humidity levels to encourage healthy mycelial growth and fruiting.


Manure-loving mushrooms are champions of nutrient recycling and contribute to the rich tapestry of fungi in nature. From the widely cultivated white button and Cremini mushrooms to the unique and delicate Enoki, these species find their niche in manure substrates. By understanding their preferences and the benefits they bring to ecosystems and cuisine, you can embark on a rewarding journey of cultivating these fascinating and valuable mushrooms. Remember to approach cultivation responsibly, with a focus on ethical and sustainable practices.

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